Cuando bandoleaba

“When I was a bandit,” according to Eric Hobsbawm*. These “violent popular heroes” in “individual or minority rebellion within peasant societies” may have been aspirational to crooked central bankers.

Bankers at England’s central bank may have been among those manipulating currency exchange rates to line their own pockets, said Süddeutsche.de. Several members of the “Chief Dealers Subgroup” of the Bank of England’s “London Foreign Exchange Joint Standing Committee” were among >20 currency dealers recently suspended from large banks around the world. The dealers have been accused of using chatrooms and nicknames such as “The Cartell” or “The Bandits Club” to discuss prices for currency markets.

Süddeutsche Zeitung said there’s gossip that UBS, which also suspended a currency dealer who was a member of the subgroup, might again seek immunity in return for testimony in a potential trial, as it did in the L.I.B.O.R. scandal.

“What’s hanging in the air is whether this central bank knew about the manipulation for years and whether its employees were involved in the affair,” wrote Süddeutsche.de, saying [corruption] at a central bank would add “a new dimension” to recent banking scandals. The Bank of England published minutes of the subgroup’s meetings from 2005 to 2013 this week that are said to be of interest in possible shenanigans. The subgroup last met in February 2013.

In the U.K., the Bank of England acts as a regulator to help ensure financial stability, Süddeutsche.de said. The government body investigating possible currency market manipulation is Britain’s Financial Conduct Authority.

“Currency markets,” said a Süddeutsche.de op-ed, “are the world’s biggest financial market, with a daily turnover of US$5.3 trillion. …London is the center, [where] about half the world’s currency business is transacted. That’s also where the London Fixing is calculated. It is a fixed exchange rate between currencies, the most important one is published every day at 4 p.m. The business is controlled by a few major banks.” Investigations of about 15 banks for currency manipulation began in fall 2013, but the Bank of England was supposedly warned about a potential problem in 2006.

* Eric Hobsbawm’s book Bandits describes three subtypes: noble robbers like Robin Hood, avengers like the Brazilian cangaçeiro Lampiao and haiduks or “primitive resistance fighters.”

Unternehmensstrafrecht

“Corporate penal code.” Green party member Jürgen Trittin has called for Germany to create laws punishing companies rather than their individual employees who can be shown to have broken the law. Trittin said the USA has such a code and therefore the Deutsche Bank, Germany’s largest bank, will be punished more in the USA than it will in Germany. His is not the first voice or political party to call for a German penal code for companies. Meanwhile, in the USA, people are furious about the slap on the wrist HSBC received in a settlement, not a prosecution, for alleged terror financing and drug money laundering so severe the boxes of cash were too large to fit through tellers’ windows, with ~50,000 accounts alone at one Cayman Islands branch that executed “virtually no oversight.”

An 11 Dec 2012 Spiegel op-ed noted that three major British banks have been required to pay large fines in the USA this year: Barclays, Standard Chartered and now HSBC. “All three of these large banks are based in London. That is no coincidence. Although in the past few years the American justiciary has taken aim at institutions from other countries, such as Credit Suisse, ING and JP Morgan, the British banks play a special role. They are traditionally set up more globally than their competition and have had business ties, sometimes for decades, in countries that are classified as ‘rogue states’ today.” Spiegel’s Carsten Volkery added that HSBC’s stock price has gone up by 14% since the summer, and Standard Chartered’s by 20%.

(OON ter NAY men’s SHTROFF rect.)

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