Car exhaust limits.

Update on 29 Nov 2013: The E.U. resolved a dispute about tightening car exhaust pollution standards in which Germany was trying to get laxer standards to appease its large large-car manufacturers. The E.U. ministers compromised on delaying the stricter standards by one year until 2021, when max. 95 g carbon dioxide per kilometer will be permitted for new cars.

The one-year delay will make the 95 g/km rule apply for 95% of new cars in 2020 and 100% in 2021. ZDF heute journal financial correspondent Valerie Haller said German manufacturers sell heavier cars than French and Italian manufacturers, so they will benefit well from the extra year to develop compensating technology. Also, the new rules say only 4 L/100 km of gasoline can be consumed, which small light cars manage but heavier cars will need electric motors to accomplish. Car manufacturers’ supplier Bosch said that practically means the end of purely-gasoline or purely-diesel “grosse Klasse” cars, meaning I think the big expensive German automobiles. Road traffic is one of the top three air polluters, Ms. Haller said, and the E.U. has promised to reduce its air pollution to try to mitigate the disasters that will be caused by climate change.

A similar fight happened in 2013 over E.U.-mandated use of a more environmentally-friendly fluid in new cars, with France filing a complaint stating that German car manufacturers were out-of-compliance and German car manufacturers responding that their in-house tests had found the new fluid spontaneously combusts sometimes.

(OW! toe   OB gauze gren tsen.)

“Wenn das Angebot erst einmal in dieser Breite vorhanden ist, dann wird die Nachfrage sich einstellen”

“When supply is available in this [amplitude/latitude], then the demand will adjust,” transport minister Peter Ramsauer (C.S.U.) said at the May 2013 electromobility summit in Berlin, explaining how supply was going to drive demand for electric cars in Germany. Though his government certainly wanted more electric cars on German roads, they said they would continue not giving individual consumers subventions or tax rebates for purchasing the expensive but environmentally friendly vehicles. Only ~7000 electric cars were registered in Germany (pop. ~80 million). Electric car prices in Germany were considered high by consumers and everyone—government, car makers and consumers—agreed there weren’t many models to choose from. Auto manufacturers at the government-hosted electromobility conference said on 27 May 2013 they hoped to increase the electric car models for sale in Germany to ~15 by 2015.

Update on 26 Nov 2013: Norway is promoting electric cars more than any other country in the world, with free downtown parking, free downtown recharging, no taxes on purchases of new electric automobiles (omitting 25% V.A.T., import fees and tariffs, import customs charges), no highway tolls and permission to drive in bus lanes. Rich in oil and water, Norway has been selling the oil internationally and using the water to create free electricity for electric cars at home, to meet the country’s 2017 carbon emissions reduction goals. The ~5 million Norwegians own about 14,000 electric cars, which have become the most popular vehicles people are applying to register there, unseating the Volkswagen Golf.

(Ven   doss   ON geh boat   eahst   moll   inn   dee zah   BR-R-R-IGHT ah   foah hond en   issed,   don   vee ahd   dee   NOCHH fr-r-rog ah   zichh   eye n shtell en.)


Electricity storage techniques or technology. ZDF heute journal reports that a new storage method is being tested near Stuttgart: excess electricity produced by solar and wind power is converted to methane which can be stored in a natural gas network. When insufficient “renewable” electricity is generated, the stored methane is converted back to electricity.

I found an article explaining that they are using electrolysis to split water into hydrogen and oxygen and then chemically reacting the hydrogen with carbon dioxide to make methane.

(SHTROME shpy chher   TECHH neek.)

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